Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Summary of the Industrial Revolution and Key Words

From the foregone discussion it is clear that the Industrial Revolution was slow and evolutionary in nature. Nothing occurred suddenly. Some fundamental factors of geography, economics and politics made England the most favourable place for the occurrence of the Industrial Revolution. But eventually it was the tremendous demand of English cotton textile, and the need to enhance the production of the same which provided impetus to a series of mechanical inventions. These mechanical inventions, covering a long period from 1767 to 1914, became the most potent factor of the Industrial Revolution. The revolution affected western Europe primarily and then it spread to other parts of the continent but Britain felt its impact comprehensively & significantly in the areas of economy, politics and society. It turned Britain into the industrially richest country, the leading exporter of manufactured goods and the largest shipping country.

Key Words - 

Spinning - The process of making yarn of thread from cotton.

Weaving - The process of making cloth with spun yarns or threads.

Grande Bourgeoisie - The upper level of the middle class consisting of big  industrialist, capitalists and business magnets.                       

Professional Bourgeoisie - Those members of the middle class who earn living by professions like teachers, doctors, engineers, technicians.
Petty Bourgeoisie - The lower level of the middle class consisting of small shopkeepers, salesman, lower grade teachers, clerks and others.

Utilitarian s -The group of philosophers who advocated that primary emphasis on the aspect of utility should be put before launching a scheme or planning a work.

Radicals - The extreme liberals who advocated end of all state controls and full freedom to individuals to pursue their goals in economic sphere.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Add a Comment or Query