Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Important Features of Indian Constitution - Audio Lecture

Friends in this Article I have uploaded an Audio Lecture of around 8 minutes in which I have briefed about the most prominent and important features of our Indian Constitution. Our Constitution is the most voluminous and lengthiest Constitution of the world and is unique in its approach.

Important features of the Indian Constitution

It is the lengthiest and the most voluminous Constitution of the world. Adopted on 26th November, 1949 it originally contained 22 parts 395 articles and 17 schedules. Presently it is comprised of 12 schedules and around 450 articles.

Our Indian Constitution provisions have been borrowed to a large extent from other Constitutions of the World.

Federal System of Governance with many features of non federal governance such as Single Citizenship, Strong Center, Emergency Provisions, Integrated Judiciary etc.

Parliamentary form of Government which is inspired by the British Parliamentary system with little modifications.

Universal Adult Franchise that is equal voting rights to all the citizens of the country irrespective of his economic status.

Indian Constitution provides for Single citizenship unlike the Concept of dual citizenship of America where the individual in addition to be a citizen of USA is also the citizen of that particular state in which he resides.

Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and ensures to all of its citizens Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.

Provisions of Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy.

Mixture of British Parliamentary Sovereignty and American Judicial Supremacy. This means that the Judicial machinery of India can declare a Parliamentary ruling as Unconstitutional where as Parliament in its turn can amend major portions of the Constitution.

Indian Constitution is both flexible and rigid in nature.

Provision of emergency on account of external aggression, armed rebellion, war, failure of constitutional machinery in states and threat of financial instability.

Presence of Constitutionally recognized Independent bodies such as Election Commission of India, Union and State Public Service Commissions, Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

Constitution of India Provides for Presence of local governments for efficient administration on grass root levels. They were added through 73rd and 74th Amendment Act and these Amendments provide for the presence of Panchayats and Municipalities on local administrative level for efficient administration This type of local governance is not found in any other Constitution of the World. 

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