Saturday, December 20, 2014

Important and Prominent Islands of the World - World Geography

1. Prince Edward Island: Situated to the north of Nova Scotia in North Atlantic Ocean, it is the smallest island of Canada. This province has maximum population density. Its capital is ‘Charlottetown’. It is a commercial centre for developed agricultural land and agricultural products. 

2. Hawaiian Islands: It is situated in North Pacific Ocean, in which there are 8 big and 15 small uninhabited islands. It became 50th State of U.S.A. in 1959. ‘Mt. Kea (4205M.) is its highest peak which is an active volcano. Tourists come here in large numbers. Sugarcane and Pineapple are cultivated here. Its capital is ‘Honolulu’. 

3. Bahamas Island: It is a group of islands in Atlantic Ocean. Andore is the largest island, having maximum population. Here many island are called ‘heaven for Snakes’. Tourism is the main industry. Catching fish is second major occupation. Fruits and vegetables are cultivated here on a large scale. Impact of ‘Hurricanes’ can be seen here. 

4. Florida Keys: It is located to the south of Miami in North Atlantic Ocean. It is a group of small coral islands. It is a region of sponge production, which is base of sponge industry there. 

5. Galapagos Islands: It is a island in Pacific Ocean situated on Equator, this archipelago is the territory of Ecuador. It is a volcanic island, where Darwin carried out exhaustive study. World’s largest island, where maximum concentration of Tortoise are found. These island are rich in biodiversity. 

6. Diego Garcia Islands: Located in Indian Ocean, it is a volcanic island. It was given by Britain to U.S.A. U.S.A. has developed its Seventh Naval Base here. It has great strategic importance. An Air Force and Naval Force base Is also here. On this island, U.S.A. has installed Atomic missiles in large numbers. It is fully equipped with Atomic weapons and provides decisive advantage to the United States to command the areas of south-west Asia, central Asia, south-east Asia and south Asia. 

7. Greenland Island: Administered by Denmark located between North Atlantic Ocean and Arctic Ocean, it is world’s largest island. Openlayers of ‘Greenstone’ are seen on this island, which are the oldest rocks of the Earth. This island has permanent ice sheets. Geographically, it is part of North America, but politically, it is part of Europe. Nuuk is its capital and important city. 

8. Zanzibar and Pemba Is.: Located in Indian Ocean, these are islands of Tanzania. These two island are largest producers of Clove in the world. There are large Clove farms situated here. 

9. Antilles: This is a group of islands forming the greater part of West Indies. The Greater Antilles, extending roughly east of west, comprise Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, the lesser Antilles, to the south east, includes the Virgin Islands, Leeward Island, Windward Island and various small islands. 

10. Sakhalin Island: This island located in Pacific Ocean is administered by Russia. Tatar Strait separates it from Asian mainland. It is made by volcanic activity. It is rich in petroleum resources. It has graves of Japanese soldiers, which is a cause of dispute between Russia and Japan.

11. Shetland Island: located in North Atlantic Ocean and it is an island group of Britain. World’s smallest horses are found on this island. 100 islands are included in it. 

12. Novaya Zemlya Islands: It is an Island of Russia located in Arctic Ocean. The name of these islands means ‘New Land”. This island always remains covered with ice. Russia dumps its nuclear waste on this island. There are immense possibilities of mineral oil in the nearby regions. In the summer season some of the Russian fisherman come here to catch the Whale and Cod and to obtain other marine resources. 

13. Bikini Island: It is located near Marshall Island in Pacific Ocean, which is made of coral. In 1946, France carried out its nuclear test on this island. France conducted many nuclear test here tell 1990. At present, this island has been submerged. 

14. Gotland Island: Located in Baltic Sea, it is an island of Sweden. It is also Sweden’s important port. 

15. Madagascar (Malagasy): Located in Indian Ocean, it is the fourth largest of the world after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo. Along with reserves of Graphite and Chromite, it is important for Mica, Nickel and Copper. It has dense forests. World’s maximum Vanila is produced here. The eastern part of Madagascar receives about 300 cm of rainfall annually. 

16. Bahrain Island: It is a small, beautiful island located in Persian Gulf. It is also called ‘Pearl of Persian Gulf’. It is a group of 25 islands. It is known for precious stones, petroleum and natural gas. It has maximum population density among the Gulf countries. 

17. Borneo (Kalimantan) Island: Located in Pacific Ocean, it is the largest island of South Asia and third largest island of the world. It is shared between three countries, viz. Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei. It is rich in mineral oil, Tin etc. Dayak tribe lives here. It is covered by Tropical Rainforests. Timber is exported from here to Japan. 

18. Stewart Island: Located in Pacific Ocean, it is an island of New Zealand. It is separated from South Island by Foveaux Strait. Sheep breeding is a main occupation of this island. The weather is generally stormy on this island. 

19. White Island: It is located in Bay of Plenty, which is administered by New Zealand. It is located on ‘Ring of Fire’. Continuous smokes comes out from it. 

20. Great Barrier Island: Situated to north-east of Auckland (New Zealand), it is a coral formation in the South Pacific Ocean. It is rich in biodiversity. 

21. Shikoku Island: Located to the south of Honshu Island and it the smallest of the four large islands of Japan. Shikoku has an undulated and mountainous topography. It is relatively less densely populated. Its coastal plains are used for the cultivation of Rice, Mulberry, Fruits and Vegetables. 

22. Falkland Islands: Located in South Atlantic Ocean, these are British administered islands. It has reserves of mineral oil and natural gas. These islands have a windy climate with long bleak winter of much snow. Argentina and Britain have concluded a war for the occupancy of these islands. 

23. Bermuda Island: It is an island located in North Atlantic Ocean, which is administered by United Kingdom. It is a coral island. ‘Palm trees’ are found on it in large numbers. Tourism is the base of its economy. Tourists come here in large numbers.

24. Cyprus Island: Located in Mediterranean Sea and is the third largest island of Mediterranean Sea. It is an example of plate subduction. This island is mainly mountainous. Todus and Kirenia are two mountain ranges located here. Citrus fruits are produced here in huge amount. 

25. Azores Island: it is located in North Atlantic Ocean on Mid-Oceanic Ridge. It is made by volcanic activity. It is administered by Portugal. Its capital is Ponta Delgada. It is Naval and Air Force base of Portugal. 

26. Tasmania Island: It is located in North Atlantic Ocean and Pacific, it is an island and centrally administered region of Australia. This island has developed drainage system, which used for hydel power production. Apples are produced here in large amount. Its capital is ‘Hobart’. 

27. Wrangel Island: Located between east Siberian Sea and chukchi Sea, it is an Island of Russia. ‘Delang Strait’ separated if rom mainland. This rocky island is known as the breeding land for seals and polar Bear. 

28. Trinidad-Tobago Is.: There are a volcanic Islands located in Northern Atlantic Ocean. People of Indian origin reside on these islands in large number. It is amongst the oldest oil producing countries of the world. Tourism is the base of its economy. Sugarcane, Coffee and Rubber are produced here. 

29. Spratly and Paracel Island: Located in South China Sea, these are an atoll island group. Both these island are rich in mineral oil resources. Due to this many countries have a claim on it, like- Vietnam, China, Indonesia, Malaysia etc. 

30. St. Helena Island: It is located to the west of Africa in South Atlantic Ocean. This island is made by volcanic activity. Napoleon was deported to this island and he died here. 

31. Martinique: situated in Caribbean Sea, it is a volcanic island in the Lesser Antilles. The eruption of ‘Mount Pelee’ in 1902 destroyed the greater part of this island. The main industries of Martinique Island include petroleum refining, chemical, rum-manufacturing, furniture and food processing. 

32. Frisian Islands: This is Chain Island in the North Sea off the coast of Denmark, Germany and Netherlands. It is groups of islands which extend from the Wadden Sea to Jutland Peninsula of Denmark. Its high breed of cow is known for high milk production. The main economic activities of the people of these islands are dairying, fishing, cattle-raising and tourism. 

33. Socotra Island: Located on Chagos- Socotra Ridge in Indian Ocean, it is an island of Yemen. It is located to the south-east of the entrance of Gulf of Yemen. It is very important strategically, on which U.S. troops are deployed in large numbers. 

34. Tuvalu Islands: A small island country located in West part of Pacific Ocean, which is made of a series of lowland coral islands. These islands spread upto 600 km in length. Funafuti Atoll, which is the largest atoll in the world is located here, which is also country’s capital. 

35. Vanuatu Island: Located to the east of Australia in Pacific Ocean, it is archipelago of 13 big and many small islands. These islands are heaven for tourists. Beach houses are made on most of island which are surrounded by Coconut and Palm. The beaches here are very peaceful and beautiful. 

36. Sardinia Island: Located in Mediterranean Sea, this island is administered by Italy. It is an very old landmass. It is a volcanic island and second largest island of Mediterranean Sea. The rugged hills here are useful for Sheep and Goat breeding. Grapes are cultivated in its valley in huge amount. Many beautiful beaches have developed in its coastal parts. 

37. Corsica Island: Located in Mediterranean Sea, this island is administered by France. It has originated due to collision of African and Eurasian plates. Very old igneous rocks are found on it. Evidences of ice-age are found on it. It is the birthplace of great warrior ‘Napoleon’. Tourists come here in large numbers, because the beaches here are very beautiful and clean. It is famous for the cultivation of Olive, Citrus fruits, Wine, Wheat, Cheese, Timber and Fish. 

38. Reunion Island: It is the largest island of Mascarene island group, which is made by volcanic activity. This French administered island has strategic importance. It is located to the east of Madagascar. Its capital is Saint Davis. 

39. Ryukyu Islands: Located in North Pacific Ocean, it is a series of islands. This comprises of –Agami Island group in the North, Okinawa Island group in the Middle and Sakishima Island group in the South. Among these, Okinawa Island group is strategically important where U.S. troops are deployed. Fighter plane ‘F-22A Rafter’ was deployed by America for the first. 

40. Mundra: This is an island of Indonesia. Its main town is pamekasan. Once an important source of salt. A Large number of tourists visits island annually. 

41. Hebrides: This is group of about 500 islands of Scotland. The largest of these islands is Skye. The main occupations of the inhabitants here are fishing, cotton and woolen textiles. 

42. Channel Island: This is a group of island in the English channel off the northwest coast of France. Out of these, the Jersey Island is the largest. The coal and moist climate of these island is conducive for dairy-farming and animal rearing. Fisheries and vegetables cultivations are also important occupations of the inhabitants. 

43. Pitcairn Island: Located in central part of South Pacific Ocean, this island lies midway between Australia and South America. This island is made by volcanic activities. Fast Basaltic Scraps are found on it. 

44. New Guinea Island: Located in Pacific Ocean, it is world’s second largest island, which is made of volcanic activities. Due to Equatorial Climatic conditions, very dense forests are found here. This island is occupied by Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. In its eastern part, natural gas has been discovered. Head Hunter tribe is found here.

45. Cuba Island: An island located in North Atlantic Ocean, which is made by volcanic activities. It is the largest island of Antilles island group. It is also called ‘Sugar Bowl’. The productivity of Sugarcane here is maximum in the world. The president of this island ‘Fidel Castro’ is the longest serving ruler in the world. 

46. Malta Island: It is a small island nation located in Mediterranean Sea. It is made of volcanic activities. It is famous for Grape and Olive cultivation. Tourists come here in large numbers during winter. It has great strategic significance. 

47. Mauritius Island: Island located in South Indian Ocean, which is made of volcanic activities. It is famous for Sugarcane cultivation. People of Indian origin reside here in large numbers. In recent years, this island has emerged as a major tourists destination. There are many clean and beautiful beaches here. 

48. Nunivak Island: Located in Pacific Ocean near Alaska, it is an island of U.S.A It is the second largest island of Bering sea. This island is also the centre of Nunivak unit of ‘Yukon Delta National Wildlife’. 

49. Iceland Island: It is a small island of North Atlantic Ocean located on Mid-Oceanic Ridge. This island is made of volcanic activity. Sources of hot water and many active volcanoes are located here. It is famous for geothermal energy. This island has more than 100 volcanoes. Each volcano erupts after every 5 years. 

50. Lipari Island: Located to the north of Sicily island in Mediterranean Sea, this island is administered by Italy. World famous ‘Stromboli Volcano’ is located on this island which is called ‘The Lighthouse of the Mediterranean sea’. 

51. Chagos Archipelago: This is group of Island in the Indian Ocean. These island are formed by volcanic eruption and coral. They have great strategic significance. The people here are dependent on the cultivation of Rice, Sugarcane, Maize and Fisheries. Tourism is also an important industries in these islands.

52. Leeward Island: This is a group of Islands located in the West Indies. This groups includes the islands of Antigua, St. Kitts and Montserrat. These island have marine climate with a very range of temperature. 

53. Guam Island: It is a small island located in North Pacific Ocean. Here tourism has developed a lot. It is a big army base of U.S.A. ‘Chamorro’ are the native people. 

54. Kuril Island: Located in North Pacific Ocean, it is a archipelago of 56 big and small islands of Russia. On many of these islands, active volcanoes are found. These islands are covered by thick forests. These are disputed between Russia and Japan. There are graveyards of Japanese soldiers killed during Second World War.

55. Baffin Island: Located in far north of Canada, it is an island of Nunavut Province. It is the second largest island of Arctic Ocean. This permanently covered by ice. Therefore, it is a desolate island. Its area is 507, 451 sq. k. 

56. Ascension Island: Located in South Atlantic Ocean, it is an island governed by United Kingdom. It is situated nearly midway between Africa and South America. There are many dead volcanic craters and desert made of extensive lava flow.

57. Puerto Rico Islands: Located at the far east of Greater Antilles islands, it is the smallest island, which is located in North Atlantic Ocean. It is made of volcanic activity. Tourists come here in large numbers. There are most easterly islands in Caribbean Sea. San Yuan is its capital.  

58. Balearic Island: An island situated in Mediterranean Sea, which is administered by Spain. It has limestone topography and plain. Tourism has developed here a lot. Mediterranean climate is found on this island. So is famous for citrus fruits and tourism. 

59. Sicily Island: An island located in Mediterranean Sea, which is part of Italy. It is the largest island of Italy and an island having maximum population. It is separated from the mainland by ‘Messina Strait’. Famous ‘Etna Volcano’ is located here. It is famous for craft industry and wine production. 

60. Luzon Island: Located in North Pacific Ocean, it is the largest island of Philippines. Country’s capital ‘Manila’ is located on it. Rice is cultivated here. It is made of volcanic activity. It has many active volcanoes, like – Pinatubo and Mekon. 

61. Newfoundland Island: Located in North Atlantic Ocean, an island made of Pre-Cambrian structure, it is Canada’s largest island. It is famous for fishing. ‘Cod’ fish is caught in its proximate regions. Its coastal banks like Grand Bank are rich in fisheries. The warm water current of Gulf Stream and the cold water Current of Labrador meet along its coasts. 

62. Hokkaido Island: Locate in North Pacific Ocean, it is the second largest island of Japan. This island has been formed due to collision of ocean-ocean plates. Japan’s ‘Ainu tribe’ lives on this island. This island freezes in winter. Its capital is ‘Sapporo’. 

63. Lofoten Island: Located in north part of Norwegian Sea, it is an important island of Norway. Here, the presence of fjords can be seen very easily. Fishing industry has developed a lot here. 

64. Long Island: Located in North Atlantic Ocean, it is an island of U.S.A. it is very developed from tourism point of view. Its western tip, comprising the New York District is separated from Manhattan by the East River and is linked to Manhattan by the Brooklyn Bridge and road tunnels. 

65. Seychelles Islands: It is an archipelago situated in Indian Ocean. These are made of volcanic activities. Tourism industry has developed a lot here. 

66. Timor Island: This island is located between Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. It is the largest amongst the Sunda Islands and is located most easterly. Its proximate sea region is rich in mineral oil. East Timor, a new country, is on this island. The greater part of the island is covered by the evergreen Equatorial forest. Dilli is its capital. 

67. Tierra Del Fuego Island: Located between Pacific and Atlantic oceans, it is located in the far south America. It is an archipelago which is separated from south America by Magellan Strait. It is partly occupied by Chile and Argentina. Deep influence of Westerlies can be seen here, so its observes windy and stormy weather throughout the year. It is covered with pastures where sheep-keeping is the dominant economic activity. 

68. Corsica Island: It is an island of france located in Mediterranean sea. It has thick layer of alluvial soil. This island is famous for grape and olive production.

69. Pico Island: It is located in Atlantic Ocean on Mid-Oceanic Ridge. This island is made of volcanic activity. Its middle part is very pointed.

70. Kangaroo Island: Located in Great Australian Bight, it is an island of Australia. It is very important for tourism. 

71. Canary Islands: Located in North Atlantic Ocean, these are Islands of Spain. It is made of volcanic activity. Canary Current passes near it. It is a good example of ‘Call Port’. The economy of these islands is based on tourism and fisheries. 

72. Singapore: Located in west part of Pacific Ocean, it is an island nation. It is separated from Malay Peninsula by Johor Strait. It is a centre of commercial, industrial and educational activities. It has 100% literacy and 100% urbanization. The seaports and airports here are considered to have best facilities. It is an example of ‘Entrem Port’. 

73. Aleutian Islands: Island located in North Pacific Ocean, which are part of Alaska (U.S.A.). The Aleutian Islands comprised a chain of young folded mountain and it’s a treeless volcanic islands. The maximum number of the active volcanoes in the world in found is these islands. The location of these islands in the vicinity of Russia accord them a strategic significance. The indigenous people of these island are known as ‘Aleuts’. 

74. Krakatoa Island: It is an Indonesian Island, which is located between Java and Sumatra Island. It recorded the world’s greatest explosion in 1883, which destroyed three forth of the island and created a huge caldera. The tsunami generated by the explosion killed more than 36000 people in Indonesia and neighbouring countries. 

75. Penang Island: Located to the west of Malay Peninsula, it is a major Island of Malaysia. It is made of Granitic Rocks. It is also famous by the name of ‘Future Singapore’. It is a major tin processing centre. 

76. New Caledonia: Located in Pacific Ocean, it is an external territory of France, under which New Caledonia Island and many small and of Island groups are included. Here tourism industry has developed a lot. 

77. Mindanao Island: Located in North Pacific Ocean, it is the second largest Island of Philippines. It is made of volcanic activity. A deep trench named after it is located nearby. Tourists come here in large numbers. Its agricultural land in used for the cultivation of Rice, Manila Hemp, Oil Seeds and Legumes. 

78. Lord Howe Island: Located in South pacific, it is an island of Australia. Thick forest is spread on this island. Therefore, agriculture is not developed here. 70% part of this island has been declared as ‘National Park’, where many rare herbs and birds are found. 

79. Tahiti Island: This Island is located in South Pacific Ocean. It is amongst the world’s costliest tourist destinations. The river flowing here form radial drainage pattern. It Is part of French Polynesia. The Mururoa Island located here was the nuclear testing centre of France. At present, tourism is being restricted to protect its culture. 

80. Orkney Islands (Orkneys): Located in North Atlantic Ocean, it is a group of 70 islands, which are under the control of Britain. It is separated from Scottish mainland by Pentland firth Strait. Chemical industry has been developed here after the discovery of crude oil and natural gas in the North Sea. 

81. Niue Island: Located in South Pacific Ocean, it is an island of New Zealand. It is world’s largest coral island. The beautiful sandy beach here attracts tourists in large numbers. The sea waves have dissected the coastal parts. 

82. Cook Island: Located in South Pacific Ocean, it is an Island of New Zealand. It is full of coral and volcanic peaks. The major economic activities here are pearl harvesting. Banking and ostrich farming. This island is strategically important, where France has established many surveillance centres. 

83. Easter Island: Located in South Pacific Ocean, it is an island of Chile. It is the most easterly located island of Polynesia island group in Pacific Ocean. Cattle breeding and agriculture are major economic activities. Here Sugarcane, Banana, Maize and Potato are highly produced. In recent years, tourism industry has developed here rapidly rate. ‘Naunau’ is the major tourist spot here, where there are many status made of soft volcanic rocks. 

84. Kharg Island: Situated at the head of Gulf of Persia, it is an important oil-terminal of Iran. Its deep coasts facilities the export of crude oil and petroleum products to different parts of the world. The sea water in its vicinity, however, is highly polluted and marine ecosystems here have been damaged due to spilling of oil and petroleum. 

85. Tonga Islands: it is located in South Pacific Ocean. It is a group of islands having an spread of about 3000 km. it has 169 islands, in which 36 islands are permanently inhabited. Tonga island is the largest island on which maximum population lives. Agriculture is the main occupation here. Coconut, Banana and Vanilla are major crops. 

86. Marshal Islands: It is a group of island located in mid-Pacific Ocean. It is a group of 34 islands. Some of the world’s largest atolls are located here. Many lagoons and sand beaches are also located here. U.S.A. performs its nuclear test on Bikini Atoll and Enewetak Atoll. This island has strategic importance, where on Kwajalein Atoll, U.S.A. has installed a large number of missiles. More than half of the population lives on ‘Majuro Atoll’. It is a very large atoll. 

87. Nauru Islands: It is a small island group of Island in Pacific ocean, occupying an area of about 21 km. ‘Coral Pinnacles’ are found in its shallow seas, which are a big source of Phosphate. These fluorescent in the ocean. Phosphate is the base of economy here. 

88. Phuket Island: Located to the west of Kra Peninsula, it is a largest Island of Thailand in Indian Ocean. It is country’s major tourist spot. Thousands of international tourists, especially Europeans, Japanese and Americans visit Phuket Throughout the year. Tin is also found here. This island was damaged due to Tsunami in 2004. 

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