Saturday, December 20, 2014

Important Lakes of the World and their Location - World Geography

1. Nicaragua Lake: It is freshwater lake made of tectonic activity. It forms boundary of Costa Rica and Nicaragua. There is a proposal to connect it to Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean through a canal. 

2. Maracaibo Lake: Linked by a narrow channel to Gulf of Venezuela and Caribbean Sea, it is situated in northwest Venezuela. It is a lagoon type of lake. Mineral oil is obtained in huge amount from this lake. Over 70% of Venezuela’s oil output comes from the lake area. Petrochemical complex has been developed along its coast. It is the largest lake of South America. 

3. Titicaca Lake: Situated between Peru and Bolivia and also forms boundary at the altitude of 3809 m above the sea level. It is the world’s highest navigable lake. It is a crater type of lake. Fishes are obtained from here in huge amount. It is a freshwater lake.

4. Popo Lake: It is situated in Bolivia and is a small freshwater lake. It is formed due to tectonic activity. Large scale fishing is done here. 

5. Great Salt Lake: It is situated in Great Basin of U.S.A. in Utah City is situated on its coast. Inland drainage is found in this region. It is used to produce salt. The lake ecosystem has unique fauna and flora. 

6. Great Slave Lake: Situated in the north-west Territory of Canada. It is named after the Slave Indians who used to live along its shores. It is also the origin source of River Mackenzie. ‘Yellowknife’ city is located on its coast. This lake is famous for the production of Uranium and Gold.

7. Great Bear Lake: It is a fresh water glacier-made lake of Canada. Port Radium are situated on its coast, which is world famous for the production of Uranium and Radium. It remains frozen during the winter season. The Eskimos of Canada make their camps along the banks of this lake during the summer season.

8. Athabasca Lake: It is located on the border of Alberta-Saskatchewan Provinces of Canada. It is a glacier-made freshwater lake. ‘Uranium City’ is situated on its coast. This lake is world famous for uranium production. The discovery of Uranium and petroleum in the vicinity of the lake has accelerated the process of development in the region of Athabasca Lake.

9. Winnipeg Lake: It is situated in Manitoba State of Canada. It is a glacier made freshwater lake. It is also the origin place of River Nelson. World famous wheat market ‘Winnipeg City’ is situated on its coast. 

10. Michigan Lake: This is the third largest lake of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is the only one to lie wholly within U.s.A. The cities of Chicago, Gary and Milwaukee are located on its coast.

11. Ontario Lake: Ontario is the smallest and most easterly of the Great Lakes of North America. It makes boundary between U.S.A. and Canada. The main cities on its shore are Hamilton and Toronto in Canada and Rochester in the U.S.A.  

12. Reindeer Lake: It is lying in Saskatchewan State of Canada. It is a glacier made freshwater lake. It freezes in winters. In the summer season a large number of herds of Reindeer are found in its surroundings. 

13. Mead Lake: It is a big man made lake. Located near Las Vegas in U.S.A. It covers an area of about 80 sq. km. It has been made due to construction of ‘Hoover Dam’ on River Colorado. It provides drinking water of Las Vegas city. 

14. Great Lakes: Under it, five lakes of North America are included. These are Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario. These all are freshwater glacial lakes. They constitute the largest freshwater lakes in the world. Many important cities of Canada and U.S.A. are located along their coasts, like-Chicago, Detroit, Toledo, Milwaukee etc. These lakes are very important for transportation, because they are connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the St. Lawrence River. Lake Superior, the largest and deepest of the lakes, is the largest lake in the North America and second largest lake in the world. 

15. Superior Lake: Largest Lake of the Great lakes, which is the world’s largest freshwater lake. It is situated on the border or Canada and U.S.A. and forms boundary between them. It is important for transport. The cities of Duluth and Thunder-Bay lie on its shores and is linked to Lake Huron by the St. Mary’s River. 

16. Volta Lake: It is situated in Ghana and is one amongst the largest man-made lakes. It is a freshwater lake. It has been made on ‘River Volta’;. The lake serves for navigation, fishing irrigation and generation electricity. The electricity generated here serves the large local aluminium industry. 

17. Victoria Lake: It is lying between two rift valleys. It is the largest lake of Africa, which is a freshwater lake. World’s longest River Nile originates from here. Due to being situated on Equator, this lake gets water from daily rainfall. It is important for fishing and navigation. Its water is shared by Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The cities, Kampala (Uganda), Kisumu (Kenya) and Mwanza (Tanzania) are located along its shores. 

18. Tanganyika Lake: It is Rift Valley lake which forms boundary of Tanzania, Zaire, Burundi and Zambia. It is a freshwater lake. It has coverage of about 32, 893 sq. km. It is important for fishing. It is the deepest and second largest lake of Africa. Its shores, surrounded by forest, are inhabited by the Negroes. 

19. Turkana Lake: It is rift valley lake, which forms boundary of Kenya and Ethiopia. It is a saline water lake. Fossils of hominids have been found on its shores. 

20. Ladoga Lake: It is located in Russia near Gulf of Finland. It is a glacier made freshwater lake. It has been connected to Gulf of Finland with the help of canals. Therefore, it is also country’s important port. It covers an area of about 18389 sq. km. 

21. Chad Lake: this is a shallow lake on the frontiers of Chad, Niger and Nigeria. Its size varies seasonally from over 10,000 sq. km to 25,000 sq. km. N'Djamena the capital of Chad, is located along its coasts. 

22. Onega Lake: Located in Russia, it is a glacier made freshwater lake. It has been connected to White Sea with the help of canals. Therefore, it is also country’s important port. It covers an area of 9884 sq. km. 

23. Baikal Lake: It is situated in Siberia region of Russia. It is the world’s deepest freshwater lake. Many industrial towns have developed all around this lake, like-Irkutsk, Bratsk, Cheremkhovo, Ulan Ude etc. it only outlet is the Angara River. 

24. Van Lake: It is located in eastern Anatolia Plateau region of Turkey. This lake has maximum salinity (330%) in the world. It has not outlet.

25. Tuz Lake: It is located on Anatolia Plateau of Turkey. It is a saline water lake. It is Turkey’s second largest saline water lake. 

26. Dead Sea. It is located on Israel-Jordan border. At 400m below sea level, it is the world’s lowest point. It is also second most saline (236%) lake. It is a part of the Great Rift Valley of Africa and south-west Asia. At present, it is shrinking fast because the fresh water of River Jordan is being used for irrigation. It is remnant of the Tethys Sea. The holy city Jerusalem lies to the north west of the Dead Sea.   

27. Aral Lake Sea: Located on the boundary of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan and also forms boundary. It has high salinity. At present, it is shrinking rapidly because water of Amu Darya and Syr Darya are diverted in desert region. 

28. Caspian Lake Sea: Surrounded by Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Azerbaijan., it is the world’s largest saline water lake. Two big Rivers of Russia, Volga and Ural, form their mouths in it. It is important for oil and natural gas. A number of important cities like Baku, Astrakhan, Sumgait and Babol are situated along its coast. Its northern part is 28m below the sea level. 

29. Lyer Lake: It is a saline water lake located in Australia. It is also known as ‘Dead Heart of Australia’. It forms internal drainage in Australia and it’s a lowest part of Australia. 

30. Finger Lakes: Lying in the north of New York State of U.S.A. These are a group of narrow finger shaped lakes. These are glacial made. 

31. Lop Nur Lake: Situated in north-west of China in Tarim Basin. Basically it is a marshy depression. It is a China’s nuclear test ground. Its surroundings are most sparsely populated.

32. Huron Lake: It is the second largest of the five Great Lakes of North America. It forms boundary between U.S.A. and Canada. It is glacial made freshwater lake. It is linked to the Lake Michigan by the Strait of Mackinac, to Lake Superior by St. Mary’s River and to lake Erie via St. Clair River. 

33. Erie Lake: It is one of the lake of Great Lakes. It is the shallowest of the five Great Lake of North America. It is glacial made and fresh water lake. The main industrial cities of Detroit, Toledo and Cleveland are located along its shores. 

34. Lake of the Woods: Situated on the border of Canada and U.S.A. It is a glacial made lake. The surrounding areas are productive, devoted mainly to wheat and barley cultivation. 

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