Friday, December 19, 2014

Major and Prominent Gulf and Bays of the World - World Geography

1. Gulf of Mexico: One amongst the largest gulf of the world, it is part of Atlantic Ocean. Mississippi and Rio Grande Rivers form their mouth here. It if famous for mineral oil production. It is also the originating place of ‘Hurricanes’. U.S.A.’s famous city New Orleans and Galveston is located along its coast. 

2. Bay of Fundy: Lying along the eastern coast of North America, it is a very narrow bay. It is a part of Atlantic Ocean. It is 150 km long and 250 km wide. The highest tides of the world reaching to the height of 20-22m occur in this bay. The cities of Boston and Portland lie on this coast. The tides here are used for the generation of hydroelectricity. 

3. Gulf of Alaska: It is lying to south of Alaska Peninsula and part of Pacific Ocean. It provides natural beauty to Alaska. It is famous for fishing. Despite being located on high latitudes, its temperature is comparatively high because of warm Alaska Current. 

4. Persian Gulf: Lying between Arabian Peninsula and Iran, it is world’s important gulf, because large quantity of mineral oil is obtained from its continental shelves. Hormuz Strait connects it to Arabian Sea. It is strategically very important. It contains largest man-made island ‘Palm Zumera’. Dubai, Sharjah, Bahrain, Abu-Dhabi, Qatar etc. are located on its coast. 

5. Gulf of Martaban: Lying along the coastal region of Myanmar, it is north-eastern part of Andoman Sea. River Salween forms its mouth in it. It is famous for Pearl production. 

6. Gulf of Aden: It is lying between Red Sea and Indian Ocean. It is an important trade route, where Aden Port is located along its coast. It is strategically important for oil production and navigation. At present, this trade route is being disturbed due to pirates. 

7. Bay of Plenty: It is located near New Zealand’s North Island and is a part of Pacific Ocean. Due to being situated on ‘Ring of Fire’, it is famous for ‘Furmaroles’. There are hundreds of furaroles on its White Island. 

8. Bay of Biscay: It is located along the coast of France and Spain and is a part of Atlantic Ocean. Its water is comparatively more blue. Therefore, tourists come here in large numbers for photography. It is important source for electricity in France. Large amount of Tidal power is produced from here. The ‘Loire River’ of France forms mouth in it. 

9. Botany Bay: This is an inlet of the Tasman Sea on the coast of the New South Wales, southeast of Australia. It has a large variety of flora and therefore, Captain Cook gave it the name of Botany Bay. 

10. Gulf of Bohai: It is a part of Yellow Sea, the Hwang Ho River discharges its water in this gulf. 

11. Chili: Located in the eastern side of China and it is a northeastern part of Yellow Sea. The colour of the water of the sea is yellowish. This gulf is rich in flora and founa. 

12. Gulf of Bothnia: It is northern extension of Baltic Sea. It is world famous for its lowest salinity (2%), because many small rivers coming from Sweden provide it fresh water in large amount. ‘Stockholm’ city is located along its coast. 

13. Gulf of Compeche: it is lying east of Mexico and is part of Gulf of Mexico. It is famous for sea food products, especially for the production of prawn. This gulf is rich in mineral oil. Cancum (Mexico) is situated along its coast. 

14. Hudson Bay: it is a bay lying in the midst of Canada. It is a shallow bay formed by esker. Many rivers coming from Canada, like-Nelson and Churchill, form their mouth in it. It freezes in winters. It is a part of Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest inland bay in the world. 

15. Gulf of St. Lawrence: It is an important gulf surrounded by Canada and New Foundland. It is very important for navigation. 

16. Gulf of California: It is situated between lower California and Mexico. It is a breeding ground for Grey Whales during winter season. It is a part of Pacific Ocean. Generally foggy weather is found on its coast. The surrounding land of Mexico is sparsely populated. 

17. Gulf of Thailand: It is lying between Thailand, Cambodia and Malay Peninsula and is a part of Pacific Ocean. It is famous for fishing. River Chao-Phraya makes mouth in it. 

18. Gulf of Oman: It is a sub-gulf of Arabian Sea. It is connected to Persian Gulf through Hormuz Strait. It is strategically important. 

19. Gulf of Khambhat: Lying along west coast of India, it is a sub-gulf of Arabian Sea. It is rich in mineral oil. River Narmada forms mouth in it. Surat, Ankleshwar etc. are major city located along its coast. 

20. Gulf of Carpentaria: it is an important gulf lying in northern part of Australia and is a part of Pacific Ocean. It is famous for mineral oil production. Famous bauxite producing town ‘Weipa’ is located along its coast. Having a Monsoon climate, it receives several tropical cyclones in the months of March and April. 

21. Gulf of Tongking: Lying to the north-east of Vietnam, this gulf is a part of Pacific Ocean. An important port named ‘Haifong’ is located along its coast. It is strategically very important. It is rich in mineral oil and natural gas. 

22. Bay of Scarcity: Lying to the eastern part of the North Island of New Zealand. This bay is poor in marine resources. The average temperature of this bay is about 10 degree C and its salinity is about 32%. 

23. Gulf of Joseph Bonaparte: Lying to the north-western part of the Australia. It is a part of Indian Ocean. The continental shelf of the gulf is rich in petroleum and Darwin is situated along its coast. 

24. Guantanamo Bay: Its lying to the south-east coast of Cuba. It is one of largest harbour of the world. It has a position of great strategic importance on the water way linking the Atlantic Ocean with Caribbean Sea. It is the site of U.S. Navy base and the source of friction between U.S.A. and Cuba. The Iraqi prisoners of war are imprisoned in the camps of this naval base. 

25. Bay of Bengal: Having Monsoonal climate, it is a part of Indian Ocean. It has comparatively low salinity because many big rivers form their mouth in it. Possibilities of Tidal power production (in Duadani) are being expressed. This bay is rich in natural gas. World’s largest Mangrove forests are located along its coast. 

26. Great Australian Bight: Lying to the southern part of Australia it is a wide gulf of Indian rich in biodiversity. Its coastal area is leveled plain which is most sparsely populated. Its coast has beautiful sea-beaches. 

27. Gulf of Finland: it is the north-eastern extension of Baltic Sea. It is a shallow gulf. Therefore, navigation is difficult. This gulf has low salinity. Helsinki city and port is located along its coast. It freezes in winter. 

28. Gulf of Darien: It is lying to the north-west of Columbia. It is a triangular extension of Caribbean Sea. This gulf has high salinity. Fish and coral are found in large amount. Its location near to Panama Canal has given it great international significance. 

29. Gulf of Guayaquil: Lying to the west coast of Ecuador, it is an important gulf of Pacific Ocean. River Guayas forms mouth in it. Ecuador’s major port Guayaquil is located along its coast. 

30. Gulf of Riga: It is eastern extension of Baltic Sea. This gulf has low salinity. Saaremaa Island is located on its entrance. Rega city and port is located along it coast. 

31. Baffin Bay: It is lying between Canada and Greenland. It is connected to Atlantic Ocean through Davis Strait. This bay has low salinity. It is largely ice-bound in winter and navigation here in summer become more dangerous by the presence of iceberg brought down by the Labrador Current. 

32. Gulf of Guinea: Lying to the west African coast, this gulf has high salinity mineral oil and Bauxite are produced in large amount along its coastal parts. 

33. James Bay: Lying in Canada, it is the only area of Hudson Bay that has vegetation cover. It is a shallow bay. Along its coast are the settlements of Inuit, Eskimos and Red Indian who are largely dependent on fisheries and hunting of Caribou and Reindeer. It remain frozen during the winter season.

34. Bay of Prodh: Lying to the north of Alaska, this bay is part of Arctic Ocean. It has huge reserves of mineral oil and natural gas. Mineral oil is being produced here since 1977, which is brought to Anchorage through Trans-Alaska Pipeline.  

35. Disco Bay: Part of Baffin Bay, which is a ice-capped water body located on continental shelf and cold ocean currents flow here. 

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