Thursday, December 11, 2014

Major IRON ORE Producing Mines and Regions of World - World Geography

1. Mesabi, Vermillion and Menomini: These all are located at the western part of Lake Superior in U.S.A. High quality Iron-Ore is obtained from here in large amounts. The ore obtained from these mines is transported through the lakes to major industrial city, like-Chicago, Gary, Pittsburgh etc. 

2. Labrador: Located on the Laurentian Plateau in Canada, it is a major Iron-Ore mines. High quality Iron-Ore is obtained from here, because it is formed by old Pre-Cambrian Rocks. 

3. Kiruna and Gallivare: These are famous Iron-Ore mines of Sweden. Haematite and Magnetite type of finest quality of Iron Ore are found here. The Iron obtained from these mines is exported to other countries, like-Germany, Britain, U.S.A. etc., in huge amounts. 

4. Lorraine: It is a major region of Iron-Ore in north-eastern region of France. The ore obtained from Lorraine contains limestone and therefore, it is easy to melt. Development of Iron-steel industry in nearby regions has got momentum from this. 

5. Cantabrian and Bilbao: These are major iron-ore mines of Spain. Due to lack of Coal, the local consumption of Iron-Ore of these mines is less. Therefore, Iron-Ore from here is exported to Britain, U.S.A., Germany etc. 

6. Krivoyrog: It is the most important Iron-Ore producing mines of Ukraine. Haematite and Magnetite type of fine quality of Iron-Ore is found here. Coal come from Donbas, which has provided impetus to the growth of Iron and Steel industry in Ukraine. Iron-Ore from here is also exported to steel centres of Eastern Europe. 

7. Magnitogorsk: Located at the south of Ural, it is a major Iron-Ore producing mines of Russia. High quality of Iron-Ore is found here. Iron-Steel industry has developed here a lot, because Coal is easily available from Kuzbas region. Most of the ore is Magnetite and mostly it is produce by open mining. 

8. Pilbara: Located in Western Australia Province of Australia, it is a world famous Iron-Ore mine. High quality of Iron-Ore is found here. Large amount of iron ore from here is exported to Japan. 

9. Donmora: It is famous mine of southern Sweden. High quality of Iron-Ore is found here. The Iron-Ore obtained from here is exported in large amount. 

10. Gornaya Shoria: Located at the south of Novokuznetsk is mid-siberian region of Russia. Low quality of Iron-Ore is found here. Kuzbas iron-steels centre obtain most of their Iron-Ore from this region. 

11. Kirch: it is Ukraine’s iron-ore region located to the east of River Dnieper. Magnetite ore is obtained from great depths. It is also a industrial and commercial city. Its population is more than 5 lakhs. 

12. Quena and Gozbik: These are Iron-Ore mines located to the west of Lake Superior in U.S.A. High quality iron-ore is found here. Here are open mines from where the ore is sent to the Appalachian region. 

13. Anshan: Located in Manchuria region of China, it is the country’s important Iron-ore region. High quality of Iron-Ore are found in large area so Anshan is one of the largest integrated iron-steel industrial centre of China. Coal is obtained in sufficient amount from Shansi and Shaanshi. 

14. Itabira: Located in Brazil’s Minas Gerais province, it is a major iron ore region. World’s best quality of iron ore is found at the Itabira Mountain range. Most of the iron ore obtained from here is exported because Brazil lacks coal. 

15. Lafayate: It is a major iron ore mine of Brazil from where high quality of iron ore is obtained.

16. Elpao and Serobolivar: Located in Guyana Plateau of Venezuela, it is a major Iron-Ore region. It 
has huge reserves of high quality of iron ore. The iron ore form here is exported to U.S.A.

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